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Early emigrants to North America were mainly protestants or presbyterians. This changed dramatically after 1846; the majority were destitute and desperate Catholics, many of whom spoke only Irish or a poor english. They were mainly illiterate, unskilled and isolated, forming ghetto groups for refuge among their own kind in their adopted land North America

As the Great Hunger took hold in Ireland (late 1840’s ~ early 1850’s), Irish immigration to America came via the Atlantic to the East Coast Ports (Boston, New York, Philadelphia) and over land/sea from Canada, then known as British North America

Emigration Ship

Emigration Ship

Emigration Exceptions

There is one main exception to this claim where emigration was sustained over a much longer period and concentrated from a small area.  Emigration occurred from the south-east of Ireland – counties, Waterford, Tipperary, Kilkenny, Wexford and to a lesser degree Carlow from as early as the late 1600’s of mostly Catholics.  Initially, this was seasonal migration to work on the fishing boats and in the fish processing works on the Grand Banks and in Talamh on Éisc (Newfoundland). Permanent settlement became more the norm from the late 1700’s.  View an archived video of those who made this land their permanent home.

FREE Searchable Databases

Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild

Irish Immigrants to United States 1846 – 1851

***Castle Garden Immigration Centre 1855 to 1890

Ellis Island 1892 to 1954

Philadelphia Passenger List Index Cards, 1883-1948

New Orleans Passenger Lists

Irish Emigration Database

Blacksod Bay Assisted Emigration

Immigrants at Grosse Île Quarantine Station, 1832-1937

Immigrants to British North America (Canada) before 1865

Immigration & Citizenship Canada

Immigrants to Canada, Porters and Domestics, 1899-1949

FREE Passenger Lists

Norway Heritage Hands Across the Sea

Peter Robinson Settlers in Canada 1823 & 1825

Peter Robinson Settlers: Surgeons’ and Medical Journals

Olive Tree FREE Ships

Irish to Argentina

Halifax, Nova Scotia Ship Arrivals & Departures Index 1851-1872

ISTG Irish Ports of Departure

Early Ships’ Passenger Lists Ireland & Scotland

The 1881 Census of Ships in UK Ports

$$$ & FREE Resources

US Ports of Arrival

Finding Passenger Lists

Ships Passenger Lists

***The Castle Garden database also includes a sizeable collection of records dating from 1830 for other ports in America. These records are not segregated and must be verified with port of entry either by searching the microfilm of the ships manifest at NARA or through $$$ Ancestry – Available microfilm & number http://www.genesearch.com/ports.html

IRISH EMIGRANTS THROUGH NEW YORK – Dates: https://www.facebook.com/groups/IrelandGenealogyandHeritage/permalink/1480027805629462/

HISTORIC BACKGROUND
Australia

AUSTRALIA
Ireland-Australia Transportation

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