There’s a long history of travel between Ireland and North America, much of it undocumented.
The first Irish arrivals came to Newfoundland as seasonal fishermen; between 1785 and 1835 a sizable number settled there, travelling from Waterford, Kilkenny, Wexford, Tipperary, and east Cork to work in the fishery industry.
John Mannion explores this in his study on ‘Old World Antecedents, New World Adaptations: Inistioge (Co Kilkenny) Immigrants in Newfoundland (This is a large(ish) file and may take a minute or more to download and render on your screen)
While this is a snapshot of the Inistioge area in the early 1800’s these conditions would have prevailed in much of the south east of Ireland.
General conditions illustrated in this study would have been similar in most parts of Ireland in this period.
Sue Nunn explores the deep historical connections between the South East of Ireland and Newfoundland through a series of five interviews entitled ‘Talamh an Éisc‘ (the fishing grounds), talks to historian John Mannion on the history of the Irish migration and meets the locals from St John’s, some of which have uncanny Irish accents